From predicting UAE’s winter and rains to finest time to journey: How historic Drour calendar has all of the solutions – Information

Suhail star that can rise on August 24 marks the primary day on the calendar and alerts the start of cooler temperatures

Printed: Tue 23 Aug 2022, 7:00 AM

Final up to date: Wed 24 Aug 2022, 3:28 PM

When will the scorching summer season temperatures within the UAE begin cooling down? When will winter start? When is an efficient time to go fishing? Is it protected to journey this month? To get solutions to those questions and extra, all we have to do is look as much as the evening sky, very like our ancestors did centuries in the past.

Suhail star (or the Canopus) is anticipated to rise on August 24 this yr and sign the top of the summer season within the UAE. Nevertheless, this well-known reality is simply one of many a number of elements of life it signifies. For example, the star additionally marks the start of an historic Arab calendar known as Drour, based on Hasan Al Hariri, CEO, Dubai Astronomy Group.

Hasan Al Hariri

Hasan Al Hariri

In keeping with Hariri’s analysis, comparable calendars date again at the least 4,000 years in some type or the opposite. Within the area, it could date again as much as 800 years. “It tells us when to anticipate the rains and warmth, and the most effective time to journey or calm down. This isn’t magic or one thing unfathomable. It’s simply understanding nature and decoding it.”

The Drour calendar divides a yr into segments of 10 days every. It begins from when the Suhail star is noticed.

The calendar particulars what to anticipate in every of the 10-day cycles. The segments are grouped into three seasons of 100 days every — autumn, winter and spring. The remaining variety of days — until the Suhail star is noticed once more — marks the summer season.

This technique was “really genius” as, principally, the entire calendar was within the sky for everybody to see. “Individuals primarily did their jobs primarily based on the calendar. Sailors and fishermen used it to determine when to enterprise out to the ocean; merchants for transporting items; and healthcare employees to get the most effective medicinal herbs,” defined Al Hariri.

The calendar, which was charted on observations made by “our ancestors”, nonetheless exists. For example, it’s nonetheless printed by the Emirates Heritage Membership in Abu Dhabi, stated Al Hariri.

Comparable calendars had been utilized by folks in India, Egypt and different locations to find out each day or seasonal actions.

If seen in at present’s context, “you’ll positively discover variations”, however the concept is to know what the calendars sign.


Trying as much as the celebs for steerage

The CEO of the Dubai Astronomy Group stated seasons may be linked to the looks of stars. “For instance, the star known as Coronary heart of the Scorpion seems solely in the summertime. Equally, Sirius is seen solely within the winter.”

Individuals used the celebs to find out the most effective and most secure time to do issues. “In summer season, the seas are usually calm, and it’s the excellent time to go fishing or pearl diving. Nevertheless, the alternative applies within the winter because the seas could be tough. So, the celebs helped historic Arabs plan their actions.”

What the Suhail star signifies

One star that signalled season modifications most precisely was Suhail. “In our area, it seems between August 20 and 24 yearly.”

The star alerts that the UAE is transitioning from summer season to autumn. “Steadily, the temperatures will come down.

“I requested an elder as soon as how he would decide the looks of the Suhail star. He stated he would dip his hand within the desert sand. If the decrease layer was cool, it meant Suhail had risen.”

The star was and is widely known as a result of nights have a tendency to seem cooler after it’s noticed.

For Arabs of the previous, it signalled the beginning of the monsoon season, and subsequently folks had been suggested in opposition to going to the valleys as they’d flood.

Dates could be obtainable in abundance throughout the season. It additionally marked the top of the pearl diving season.

How Suhail acquired its title

In keeping with Al Hariri, about 70 per cent of the celebs have Arabic names. Suhail was among the many stars named by the Arabs.

It additionally seems in folklores. “In historic instances, stars discovered a spot in tales so folks would bear in mind their location. One of many tales narrates how the Suhail star and his two sisters went to the south of the sky, the place they continue to be to today,” Al Hariri added.

How one can spot the Suhail

It’s not essentially the most tough of stars to identify as Suhail is the second brightest within the sky after Sirius. It roughly 313 mild years away from Earth and may be seen till late winter within the Arabian Peninsula.

All you’ll want to do is look in direction of the east earlier than dawn. The sky will nonetheless be darkish and the brightest star you see could be Suhail.

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