Nu Holdings Inventory: What To Know Earlier than The Upcoming IPO (NU)


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Nu Holdings (NYSE:NU) hasn’t gone public but — however already it seems like so lots of this market’s greatest shares. The story underpinning the pending preliminary public providing seems exceedingly engaging. The valuation assigned NU inventory seems exceptionally optimistic.

Nu Holdings is the holding firm for Brazil’s Nubank, a digital-only monetary platform based simply eight years in the past. An preliminary pricing vary of $10-$11 on the excessive finish would worth Nubank at some $50 billion — an eye-popping determine.

But, valuation apart, there’s loads of purpose for optimism towards Nubank’s development. New merchandise, new markets, and new prospects all can drive asset and revenue will increase for not simply years, however a long time to return. The digital-only mannequin gives a considerable value benefit relative to incumbents, whereas Nubank’s historical past suggests spectacular execution and extremely favorable branding.

For many of the previous 12 years within the U.S. fairness market, specializing in the promise of the story over the query of valuation has been the proper transfer. There was some proof of late, notably within the IPO market, that the development is beginning to change, and certain sufficient proof to have some warning towards the Nu Holdings IPO. However that does not imply buyers ought to dismiss this inventory out of hand; on the proper worth (and maybe even on the IPO worth), NU inventory might be an enormous winner.

An Introduction to Nubank

Nubank was based in Brazil in 2013. The next yr, the corporate launched its first product: the Nu Credit score Card, a no-annual-fee providing below the Mastercard (MA) model. The corporate has been absolutely digital from the bounce, and from that early base has launched investments, life insurance coverage (through a partnership with Chubb (CB)), private loans, and conventional checking and financial savings accounts.

The technique has labored exceptionally effectively. Eight years after its founding, Nubank now has 48 million prospects in three nations (following growth into Mexico and Colombia). The financial institution turned an adjusted internet revenue within the first 9 months of this yr, and for full-year 2021 ought to attain income within the vary of $1.5 billion.

So whereas many American buyers could also be unfamiliar with the corporate, it is rapidly develop into a power in Latin American banking. And that in flip ought to drive some consideration, and optimism, towards its coming IPO.

When Will Nu Holdings Be Publicly Traded?

Final week, Nu Holdings filed its Kind F-1, a registration assertion with the U.S. Securities and Trade Fee that covers overseas issuers. (Whereas Nubank started in Brazil, the holding firm, Nu Holdings, truly is predicated within the Cayman Islands.) However the precise preliminary public providing nonetheless must be a number of weeks away. Bloomberg reported {that a} schedule for Brazilian Depositary Receipts, or BDRs, confirmed that NU inventory could be priced on Dec. 8.

The IPO ought to happen not lengthy after, which means the present if nonetheless preliminary goal appears prone to be round mid-December. However it’s price noting {that a} Nu Holdings IPO is not but assured. The corporate would not seem to have an instantaneous want for capital, because it held almost $2 billion in money at Sep. 30, with minimal borrowings.

And Nubank does have the flexibility to usher in capital from the personal markets. Simply 5 months in the past, it raised $750 million at a $30 billion valuation, from a consortium led by Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A) (BRK.B).

So if U.S. shares present volatility over the subsequent month, and/or if the urge for food for the proposed valuation is not there, it is no less than potential Nubank withdraws its IPO. Nonetheless, for now, the corporate is on observe to be publicly traded earlier than the tip of the yr.

What Is Nu Holdings’ Preliminary Valuation?

Actually, there are going to be valuation questions on this IPO. After the providing, Nu Holdings ought to have 4.6 billion shares excellent (mixed between Class A and Class B inventory). With an preliminary pricing vary of $10-$11 per share, the implied valuation for the time being sits at $46-$51 billion.

By IPO requirements, it is clearly an infinite determine. It is roughly corresponding to Airbnb (ABNB), whose December 2020 IPO valued that firm at $47 billion. At $11, Nu’s valuation could be effectively forward of that of Roblox (RBLX) and Robinhood (HOOD). Of firms that went public over the past 12 months, it seems the one ones with increased valuations have been Coinbase World (COIN), DiDi World (DIDI), Coupang (CPNG), and DoorDash (DASH).

Clearly, Nu Holdings goals to be valued as the most effective development tales in not simply fintech, however all of tech. Not solely that, even an $11/share worth would make it one of the crucial beneficial firms in all of Latin America:

Nu Holdings IPOsupply: Bloomberg

Essentially the most beneficial financial institution within the area is Brazil’s Itau Unibanco (ITUB), with a market capitalization simply shy of $40 billion. That determine is about 1.35x its e-book worth of $28.6 billion. NU inventory, in distinction, at $11 would have a P/B a number of roughly twenty instances increased.

Certainly, excluding state-owned Banco Caixa, the 4 most dear in banks in Brazil (Itau Unibanco, Banco Bradesco (BBD), Banco Santander Brasil (BSBR), and Banco do Brasil (OTCPK:BDORY)) have a mixed market capitalization of about $115 billion. It could take solely a modest post-IPO pop to about $12.50 for Nu Holdings by itself to be price half as a lot.

To be truthful, a few of Nu’s long-term potential lies in areas maybe exterior core banking competencies. However the $50 billion-plus valuation nonetheless is greater than 4 instances that of PagSeguro Digital (PAGS), one other Brazilian fintech play that’s on observe to generate almost $2 billion in solidly worthwhile income this yr. Nu, in the meantime, has posted a year-to-date adjusted internet revenue in accordance with the F-1, however of simply $3.4 million, or $0.0074 per share.

Who Owns NU Inventory?

The valuation right here on its face appears to be questionable. However on the identical time, there may be some logic to valuing Nubank as one of many leaders in Latin American enterprise and in world fintech. There is a vastly engaging story right here, and an exceptionally lengthy runway for development.

Certainly, that story has attracted an elite checklist of funders to date. If something, Berkshire was late to Nubank. Earlier buyers embrace DST, Tiger World, well-known enterprise agency Sequoia Capital, and Tencent (OTCPK:TCEHY). These 4 companies mixed personal greater than one-third of Nu Holdings (once more, per information from the S-1).

However it’s price noting that even these highly effective buyers may have little say going ahead. Nubank presently has a dual-class construction, and can retain that set-up after the IPO. Founder David Vélez Osorno, a former Sequoia companion (and earlier than that an funding banker), owns 86.2% of the 20-vote Class B shares, and thus ~75% of voting energy going ahead.

An Spectacular Story

Once more, this can be a story not unusual over the decade-long bull market in tech and fintech: an enormous valuation, dual-class inventory, and massive long-term development potential.

And whereas Nubank’s valuation is up there with the most important IPOs over that interval, so is its potential. The controversy right here is essentially over whether or not NU inventory will show too costly, not whether or not it must be costly in any respect.

Certainly, what Nubank has achieved to date is enormously spectacular. It is develop into a respectable power in Latin American banking in eight years. Per the F-1, it had 5.9% share of the fee market in Brazil final yr. Nubank believes it was the biggest card issuer in Mexico in July and August of this yr. On the finish of the primary quarter of 2018, Nubank had 3.7 million prospects. Three and a half years later, the determine was 48 million. In keeping with one supply, by way of prospects it’s now the biggest digital financial institution on this planet.

It isn’t terribly tough to see why Nu has grown so rapidly. Once more, the corporate was digital-only from the beginning, permitting it to successfully and effectively construct out its tech whereas current banks wrestle to adapt. (In that, Brazilian monetary giants seem little completely different from their worldwide friends.) These incumbents weren’t all that environment friendly to start with: Nubank estimates that current rivals spend greater than $15 month-to-month to serve every buyer, whereas its determine is nearer to $1. And due to that spend (partially because of branches, partially due apparently to conventional forms), incumbents provide low charges and excessive charges:

Nu Holdings IPOsupply: Nu Holdings F-1, p. 202

There was a transparent want for a disruptor, notably in Brazil, to higher serve shopper and small enterprise banking wants. And fairly clearly, Nubank has achieved so exceptionally effectively. It is providing higher companies and higher pricing, and but someway nonetheless has higher revenue potential.

Once more, its value to serve is way decrease. And its buyer acquisition prices to date have been seemingly unbelievable: simply $5.00 (sure, 5 {dollars}) per buyer within the first 9 months of the yr, with roughly $1 of that paid advertising spend.

LTV (lifetime worth) to CAC, by the corporate’s estimates, is bigger than 30x, as every buyer provides extra companies and generates extra quantity:

Nu Holdings IPOsupply: Nu Holdings F-1, p. 6

There’s seemingly no near- and even mid-term ceiling on the corporate’s development. Consumer development can proceed; Nubank presumably will increase past its present three-country footprint, and inside that footprint it has acquired one thing like 13% of the entire inhabitants. With many adults in Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico nonetheless unbanked, Nubank is essentially the most logical entry level to the monetary system. International locations within the area are making efforts to deliver these prospects in, by way of initiatives like Brazil’s profitable PIX cell funds system.

Every buyer can add extra companies. The funding and life insurance coverage choices are comparatively new; so is a BNPL (Purchase Now, Pay Later) program. These incremental revenues ought to steadily enhance revenue margins. So ought to the easy march of time for a lot of Nubank prospects, who typically skew youthful than common (and thus from demographics alone ought to see above-market earnings development).

General, Nubank estimates an addressable market in Latin America of some $269 billion. Annualized Q3 income is below $2 billion. The efficiency to date in Brazil, particularly, suggests Nubank ought to be capable to take market share for a while to return, which mixed with financial development can drive income many multiples above 2021 ranges. It is even potential — although Nubank has detailed no such plans up to now — that cryptocurrency might be a long-term driver, whether or not for the funds enterprise or the funding providing.

In that context, it isn’t tough to see why a few of the world’s greatest personal buyers have backed Nubank, and why the corporate believes it deserves a public market valuation among the many highest in its sector and in its area.

The Dangers

Nubank could also be proper. However as engaging because the story is, and as spectacular as efficiency has been, $51 billion is an enormous, huge quantity. On this market, it might be too huge.

Certainly, we have seen some pockets of weak spot within the largest tech IPOs of latest classic. HOOD sits proper at its IPO worth; ABNB noticed an enormous plunge this spring (albeit after tripling from its first worth; it is nonetheless up properly); COIN is down from its opening worth following a direct itemizing even with a rally of late; DIDI collapsed not lengthy after going public.

To be truthful, there are notable variations between Nubank and the opposite huge IPOs of the previous yr. Didi, for example, bumped into regulatory bother in its house nation; it appears near unimaginable that the Brazilian authorities will act towards Nubank as did the Chinese language authorities towards Didi. Coinbase and Robinhood each had respectable long-term margin issues; Nubank would not (no less than within the sense that its margins usually are not prone to important, everlasting compression). Essentially the most related (if a lot smaller) IPO to Nubank, of Uruguayan fee supplier DLocal (DLO) has been effectively obtained: DLO has greater than doubled from its IPO worth even with a latest pullback.

Nonetheless, till not too long ago the final rule of thumb in tech, and in fintech, typically appeared to be that valuation wouldn’t be an issue so long as the story held up. At the very least so far as IPOs go, it isn’t exhausting to get the sense that rule is not fairly holding to the identical extent. The Renaissance IPO ETF (IPO) is up lower than 5% to date this yr, and three-month returns have been tepid.

With out broader optimism, expectations for an instantaneous pop must be tempered. Even ignoring steep present-day multiples (such because the ~27x worth to e-book), Nubank has respectable long-term valuation issues on the present pricing vary. To even take into account NU inventory, an investor has to see a path towards a $100 billion-plus valuation, if over a number of years; that in flip requires one thing within the vary of $2 billion-plus in annual revenue. To hit that bogey, Nubank wants, in all probability, to no less than 10x income from 2021 ranges.

That is doable, however removed from assured. The geographic alternative is massive, however not fairly that giant: the three current markets already account for ~60% of all the inhabitants of Latin America (with Brazil alone above 30% of the determine). Presumably, incumbents will develop into extra aggressive over time. Regulatory efforts to usher in unbanked prospects may also help, however may additionally strain profitability; within the F-1, Nubank estimated {that a} proposed Brazilian cap on interchange charges would have hit 2020 income by $23 million, or a bit over 3%. And for U.S. buyers, foreign money and market dangers each are actual. The iShares MSCI Brazil ETF (EWZ) stays damaging over a 15-year timeframe, largely as a result of the Brazilian actual has plunged towards the greenback.

It is a inventory that already seems priced for perfection, or shut. And that long-term subject may present a short-term ceiling in a extra nervous market. In the meanwhile, just a few weeks earlier than the IPO costs, it looks as if buyers ought to keep affected person — whereas additionally watching carefully for a chance.



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