Paytm IPO: Paytm information for greatest Indian IPO in at the least a decade


Mumbai | Bengaluru: Paytm has filed a draft prospectus with the capital markets regulator to boost Rs 16,600 crore ($2.2 billion) in what would be the greatest Indian preliminary public providing (IPO) in at the least a decade.

The Paytm IPO will comprise equally of a contemporary challenge value Rs 8,300 crore ($1.1 billion) in addition to a secondary challenge or a proposal on the market of the identical measurement, the Noida-based fintech agency has informed the Securities and Trade Board of India (Sebi).

ET has reviewed the draft red-herring prospectus (DRHP).

Paytm might also contemplate a pre-IPO funding spherical of as much as Rs 2,000 crore and if that occurs the scale of the contemporary challenge shall be accordingly adjusted, the submitting said. The corporate didn’t expose the valuation it’s in search of in its IPO, nonetheless, sources within the know informed ET that the corporate is concentrating on a valuation within the band of $24-$30 billion.

Based by Vijay Shekhar Sharma, Paytm is presently the second most valued Indian startup at $16 billion.

As reported by ET in its Friday version, Paytm buyers, most importantly Ant Group,
are anticipated to dilute their stakes within the firm via the OFS on the public providing. The OFS part within the IPO shall be Rs 8,300 crore. Along with the Chinese language fintech large, which holds greater than 30% in Paytm, others anticipated to dump stake embrace Alibaba, SoftBank, Elevation Capital in addition to Paytm founder Sharma.

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Paytm shareholdingETtech

(Graphic: Rahul Awasthi/ETtech)

Diwali Opening


Paytm’s IPO, which is more likely to open round Diwali this yr, shall be one of many largest to debut on Indian inventory exchanges in greenback phrases, after Coal India (~$3.3 billion) in 2010 and Reliance Energy (~$2.4 billion) in 2008.

Top 5 IPOs in IndiaETtech

75% of Paytm’s public challenge shall be reserved for certified institutional consumers (QIBs) whereas 15% for non-institutional buyers (NIIs) and the stability 10% for retail buyers. As much as 60% of the QIB portion could also be allotted to anchor buyers. In keeping with the DRHP, buyers within the pre-IPO spherical can have a lock-in interval of 1 yr earlier than they will promote their shares.

In its draft submitting, Paytm stated it presently is a “foreign-owned and managed” firm and can proceed to be so after the IPO, in accordance with the consolidated FDI coverage and international change guidelines and “accordingly we will be topic to Indian international funding legal guidelines”.

Paytm listed all its main shareholders talked about above as entities having “important affect” over the corporate. Sharma’s brother Ajay Shekhar Sharma can be listed as ‘family of people proudly owning curiosity within the voting energy of the Group that offers the management or important affect’. Earlier than the Chinese language authorities thwarted Ant’s IPO plans final yr, Paytm was talked about as one of many corporations in Ant’s draft prospectus the place the Chinese language fintech main had affect.

On Friday, ET reported that Ant Group
is more likely to carry down its holding in Paytm to 25% or much less from its present holding of 30.33% within the fintech main’s father or mother—One97 Communications, earlier than the latter debuts on the Indian exchanges. It is because Paytm desires to carry down Ant’s stake to under 25% to adjust to Sebi’s norms for itemizing as a ‘professionally managed firm’, in line with ET’s sources.

Ratan Tata, who owns round 75,000 Paytm shares via RNT Associates, is planning to dump a few of them. Warren Buffet’s Berkshire Hathaway Holdings, which owns 17 million Paytm shares, will offload a tiny portion—about 1,200 shares—within the IPO, the DRHP said.

Additionally Learn:
Pink herring, pink flags: High 10 takeaways from Paytm’s draft IPO submitting

Capital Utilization, Losses


From the proceeds of the IPO, Paytm stated it plans to make use of Rs 4,300 crore to develop and strengthen its ecosystem via “acquisition and retention of shoppers and retailers” by offering them with higher entry to know-how and monetary providers. It could make investments as much as Rs 2,000 crore for brand new enterprise initiatives, acquisitions and strategic partnerships. The remainder of it will be for basic company functions.

The SoftBank- and Alibaba-backed firm stated it’s going to proceed to make losses within the foreseeable future. “As a result of the marketplace for our platforms, services is evolving, it’s tough for us to foretell our future outcomes of operations or the boundaries of our market alternative,” it stated in its draft IPO filings.

Paytm is anticipating its working bills to extend because it plans to rent extra personnel and increase operations and infrastructure in India and overseas. In FY20 and FY21, it reported losses of Rs 2,943 crore and Rs 1,704 crore, respectively.

The corporate reported flat consolidated income in FY20 for a second consecutive yr, because it minimize spending on reductions, cashbacks and promotions, which helped cut back losses by 30% however impacted income development. Advertising and marketing and promotional spends have been down 61% to Rs 532 crore throughout FY21 from Rs 1,397 crore a yr in the past. Whole bills fell to just about Rs 4,783 crore from Rs 6,138 crore in FY20.

Paytm’s DRHP additionally revealed fairly a couple of regulatory warnings the corporate has acquired from establishments just like the SEBI, RBI and IRDAI. To start out with, SEBI
has noticed ‘sure violations’ of legal guidelines and rules by Paytm Cash on its importing of purchasers’ KYC knowledge and offering funding recommendation. Paytm stated the market regulator issued a written warning to Paytm Cash to take corrective steps following which Paytm Cash submitted its response final July. The agency additionally suspended its advisory enterprise on March 31, 2021, after being notified by Sebi in February concerning the new advisory pointers.

Then, Paytm, as a foreign-owned firm, purchased a 100% stake in its insurance coverage broking subsidiary between November of 2019 and February of 2020 after the federal government stated international corporations may enhance their stake in insurance coverage intermediaries from 49% to 100%. Nonetheless, RBI had flagged this deal beneath the Overseas Trade Administration Act (FEMA), which was up to date to incorporate the brand new FDI restrict solely in April 2020. Paytm then sought post-facto approval from the federal government, which remains to be being processed and is topic to incremental scrutiny.

As reported in June by ET, Paytm
has additionally proposed to provide a mortgage of practically Rs 492 crore within the type of optionally convertible debentures (OCDs) to VSS Holdings Non-public Restricted, which is 100% owned by Sharma. The funds, if infused, shall be used for the aim of investing in Paytm Insurtech which is able to use it to finance the acquisition of Raheja QBE Common Insurance coverage, the submitting stated.

Final yr, Paytm had introduced that it’ll purchase Raheja QBE in a Rs 568-crore deal but it surely hasn’t closed but. “Our Firm would have the choice of changing these OCDs into fairness shares (topic to regulatory approvals) of VSS Holdco,” it stated. At the moment, there isn’t a certainty that this transaction will go forward, Paytm said within the DRHP.

Pink Flags


Paytm additionally confirmed in its DRHP submitting that
it has utilized to the RBI for a brand new umbrella entity (NUE) licence to arrange a brand new retail funds physique. This shall be completed via a bunch subsidiary, Foster Funds Community Ltd., with 9 different consortium companions.

Nonetheless, a rule launched by the RBI in June 2021 prohibits any investor in a rustic that doesn’t adjust to the principles of the Monetary Motion Job Power (FATF) from proudly owning greater than 20% voting rights in a cost system operator (PSO). This rule may act as roadblocks for future investments within the NUE, Paytm stated. FAFT is the worldwide cash laundering and terrorist financing watchdog. Nations that don’t adjust to its guidelines embrace Mauritius, Uganda and the Cayman Islands.

Paytm’s liabilities that aren’t structured as debt preparations quantity to Rs 47.6 crore as of March 31. The startup additionally has an unresolved earnings tax matter amounting to Rs 1.6 crore.

Moreover, there are 25 unresolved prison proceedings and 40 tax litigations towards Paytm, its subsidiaries and administrators, the DRHP revealed.



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