TikTok has established itself as one of many high on-line platforms for U.S. teenagers, whereas the share of teenagers who use Fb has fallen sharply
Pew Analysis Heart performed this examine to higher perceive teenagers’ use of digital gadgets, social media and different on-line platforms. For this evaluation, we surveyed 1,316 U.S. teenagers. The survey was performed on-line by Ipsos from April 14 to Might 4, 2022.
This analysis was reviewed and accepted by an exterior institutional overview board (IRB), Advarra, which is an impartial committee of specialists that makes a speciality of serving to to guard the rights of analysis contributors.
Ipsos recruited the kids through their dad and mom who have been part of its KnowledgePanel, a probability-based net panel recruited primarily via nationwide, random sampling of residential addresses. The survey is weighted to be consultant of U.S. teenagers ages 13 to 17 who dwell with dad and mom by age, gender, race, ethnicity, family earnings and different classes.
The pattern knowledge on this report comes from a Heart survey on the identical matter performed from Sept. 25, 2014, to Oct. 9, 2014, and from Feb. 10, 2015, to March 16, 2015. The survey was fielded by the GfK Group on its KnowledgePanel, which was later acquired by Ipsos.
Listed here are the questions used for this report, together with responses, and its methodology.
The panorama of social media is ever-changing, particularly amongst teenagers who typically are on the forefront of this house. A brand new Pew Analysis Heart survey of American youngsters ages 13 to 17 finds TikTok has rocketed in recognition since its North American debut a number of years in the past and now’s a high social media platform for teenagers among the many platforms coated on this survey. Some 67% of teenagers say they ever use TikTok, with 16% of all teenagers saying they use it nearly always. In the meantime, the share of teenagers who say they use Fb, a dominant social media platform amongst teenagers within the Heart’s 2014-15 survey, has plummeted from 71% then to 32% at this time.
YouTube tops the 2022 teen on-line panorama among the many platforms coated within the Heart’s new survey, as it’s utilized by 95% of teenagers. TikTok is subsequent on the checklist of platforms that have been requested about on this survey (67%), adopted by Instagram and Snapchat, that are each utilized by about six-in-ten teenagers. After these platforms come Fb with 32% and smaller shares who use Twitter, Twitch, WhatsApp, Reddit and Tumblr.
Modifications within the social media panorama since 2014-15 lengthen past TikTok’s rise and Fb’s fall. Rising shares of teenagers say they’re utilizing Instagram and Snapchat since then. Conversely, Twitter and Tumblr noticed declining shares of teenagers who report utilizing their platforms. And two of the platforms the Heart tracked within the earlier survey – Vine and Google+ – not exist.
There are some notable demographic variations in teenagers’ social media selections. For instance, teen boys are extra doubtless than teen women to say they use YouTube, Twitch and Reddit, whereas teen women are extra doubtless than teen boys to make use of TikTok, Instagram and Snapchat. As well as, greater shares of Black and Hispanic teenagers report utilizing TikTok, Instagram, Twitter and WhatsApp in contrast with White teenagers.
This examine additionally explores the frequency with which teenagers are on every of the highest 5 on-line platforms: YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, Snapchat and Fb. Absolutely 35% of teenagers say they’re utilizing no less than one among them “nearly always.” Teen TikTok and Snapchat customers are notably engaged with these platforms, adopted by teen YouTube customers in shut pursuit. 1 / 4 of teenagers who use Snapchat or TikTok say they use these apps nearly always, and a fifth of youth YouTube customers say the identical. When taking a look at teenagers total, 19% say they use YouTube nearly always, 16% say this about TikTok, and 15% about Snapchat.
When reflecting on the period of time they spend on social media typically, a majority of U.S. teenagers (55%) say they spend about the correct quantity of time on these apps and websites, whereas a few third of teenagers (36%) say they spend an excessive amount of time on social media. Simply 8% of teenagers assume they spend too little time on these platforms.
Requested in regards to the thought of giving up social media, 54% of teenagers say it will be no less than considerably laborious to present it up, whereas 46% say it will be no less than considerably simple. Teen women are extra doubtless than teen boys to specific it will be troublesome to surrender social media (58% vs. 49%). Conversely, 1 / 4 of youth boys say giving up social media could be very simple, whereas 15% of youth women say the identical. Older teenagers additionally say they’d have issue giving up social media. About six-in-ten teenagers ages 15 to 17 (58%) say giving up social media could be no less than considerably troublesome to do. A smaller share of 13- to 14-year-olds (48%) assume this could be troublesome.
Past simply on-line platforms, the brand new survey finds that the overwhelming majority of teenagers have entry to digital gadgets, akin to smartphones (95%), desktop or laptop computer computer systems (90%) and gaming consoles (80%). And the examine reveals there was an uptick in every day teen web customers, from 92% in 2014-15 to 97% at this time. As well as, the share of teenagers who say they’re on-line nearly always has roughly doubled since 2014-15 (46% now and 24% then).
These are a few of the findings from an internet survey of 1,316 teenagers performed by the Pew Analysis Heart from April 14 to Might 4, 2022. Extra particulars in regards to the findings on adoption and use of digital applied sciences by teenagers are coated under.
Smartphones, desktop and laptop computer computer systems, and gaming consoles stay broadly accessible to teenagers
Since 2014-15, there was a 22 share level rise within the share of teenagers who report gaining access to a smartphone (95% now and 73% then). Whereas teenagers’ entry to smartphones has elevated over roughly the previous eight years, their entry to different digital applied sciences, akin to desktop or laptop computer computer systems or gaming consoles, has remained statistically unchanged.
The survey reveals there are variations in entry to those digital gadgets for sure teams. For example, teenagers ages 15 to 17 (98%) usually tend to have entry to a smartphone than their 13- to 14-year-old counterparts (91%). As well as, teen boys are 21 factors extra more likely to say they’ve entry to gaming consoles than teen women – a sample that has been reported in prior Heart analysis.
Entry to computer systems and gaming consoles additionally differs by teenagers’ family earnings. U.S. teenagers dwelling in households that make $75,000 or extra yearly are 12 factors extra more likely to have entry to gaming consoles and 15 factors extra more likely to have entry to a desktop or laptop computer pc than teenagers from households with incomes below $30,000. These gaps in teen pc and gaming console entry are in line with digital divides by family earnings the Heart has noticed in earlier teen surveys.
Whereas 72% of U.S. teenagers say they’ve entry to a smartphone, a pc and a gaming console at house, extra prosperous teenagers are notably more likely to have entry to all three gadgets. Absolutely 76% of teenagers that dwell in households that make no less than $75,000 a yr say they’ve or have entry to a smartphone, a gaming console and a desktop or laptop computer pc, in contrast with smaller shares of teenagers from households that make lower than $30,000 or teenagers from households making $30,000 to $74,999 a yr who say they’ve entry to all three (60% and 69% of teenagers, respectively).
Virtually all U.S. teenagers report utilizing the web every day
The share of teenagers who say they use the web about as soon as a day or extra has grown barely since 2014-15. At present, 97% of teenagers say they use the web every day, in contrast with 92% of teenagers in 2014-15 who mentioned the identical.
As well as, the share of teenagers who say they use the web nearly always has gone up: 46% of teenagers say they use the web nearly always, up from solely a few quarter (24%) of youngsters who mentioned the identical in 2014-15.
Black and Hispanic teenagers stand out for being on the web extra steadily than White teenagers. Some 56% of Black teenagers and 55% of Hispanic teenagers say they’re on-line nearly always, in contrast with 37% of White teenagers. The distinction between Hispanic and White teenagers on this measure is in line with earlier findings in relation to frequent web use.
As well as, older teenagers usually tend to be on-line nearly always. Some 52% of 15- to 17-year-olds say they use the web nearly always, whereas 36% of 13- to 14-year-olds say the identical. One other demographic sample in “nearly fixed” web use: 53% of city teenagers report being on-line nearly always, whereas considerably smaller shares of suburban and rural teenagers say the identical (44% and 43%, respectively).
Slight variations are seen amongst those that say they interact in “nearly fixed” web use primarily based on family earnings. A barely bigger share of teenagers from households making $30,000 to $74,999 yearly report utilizing the web nearly always, in contrast with teenagers from houses making no less than $75,000 (51% and 43%, respectively). Teenagers who dwell in households making below $30,000 don’t considerably differ from both group.
The social media panorama has shifted
This survey requested whether or not U.S. teenagers use 10 particular on-line platforms: YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, Snapchat, Fb, Twitter, Twitch, WhatsApp, Reddit and Tumblr.
YouTube stands out as the commonest on-line platform teenagers use out of the platforms measured, with 95% saying they ever use this web site or app. Majorities additionally say they use TikTok (67%), Instagram (62%) and Snapchat (59%). Instagram and Snapchat use has grown since requested about in 2014-15, when roughly half of teenagers mentioned they used Instagram (52%) and about four-in-ten mentioned they used Snapchat (41%).
The share of teenagers utilizing Fb has declined sharply previously decade. At present, 32% of teenagers report ever utilizing Fb, down 39 factors since 2014-15, when 71% mentioned they ever used the platform. Though at this time’s teenagers don’t use Fb as extensively as teenagers in earlier years, the platform nonetheless enjoys widespread utilization amongst adults, as seen in different latest Heart research.
Different social media platforms have additionally seen decreases in utilization amongst teenagers since 2014-15. Some 23% of teenagers now say they ever use Twitter, in contrast with 33% in 2014-15. Tumblr has seen an identical decline. Whereas 14% of teenagers in 2014-15 reported utilizing Tumblr, simply 5% of teenagers at this time say they use this platform.
The web platforms teenagers flock to vary barely primarily based on gender. Teen women are extra doubtless than teen boys to say they ever use TikTok, Instagram and Snapchat, whereas boys are extra doubtless to make use of Twitch and Reddit. Boys additionally report utilizing YouTube at greater charges than women, though the overwhelming majority of teenagers use this platform no matter gender.
Teenagers’ use of sure on-line platforms additionally differs by race and ethnicity. Black and Hispanic teenagers are extra doubtless than White teenagers to say they ever use TikTok, Instagram, Twitter or WhatsApp. Black teenagers additionally stand out for being extra doubtless to make use of TikTok in contrast with Hispanic teenagers, whereas Hispanic teenagers are extra doubtless than their friends to make use of WhatsApp.
Older teenagers are extra doubtless than youthful teenagers to say they use every of the web platforms requested about aside from YouTube and WhatsApp. Instagram is an particularly notable instance, with a majority of teenagers ages 15 to 17 (73%) saying they ever use Instagram, in contrast with 45% of teenagers ages 13 to 14 who say the identical (a 28-point hole).
Regardless of Fb dropping its dominance within the social media world with this new cohort of teenagers, greater shares of these dwelling in lower- and middle-income households gravitate towards Fb than their friends who dwell in additional prosperous households: 44% of teenagers dwelling in households incomes lower than $30,000 a yr and 39% of teenagers from households incomes $30,000 to lower than $75,000 a yr say they ever use Fb, whereas 27% of these from households incomes $75,000 or extra a yr say the identical. Variations in Fb use by family earnings have been present in earlier Heart surveys as nicely (nonetheless the variations by family earnings have been extra pronounced previously).
On the subject of the frequency that teenagers use the highest 5 platforms the survey checked out, YouTube and TikTok stand out because the platforms teenagers use most steadily. About three-quarters of teenagers go to YouTube no less than every day, together with 19% who report utilizing the positioning or app nearly always. A majority of teenagers (58%) go to TikTok every day, whereas about half say the identical for Snapchat (51%) and Instagram (50%).
Trying inside teenagers who use a given platform, TikTok and Snapchat stand out for having bigger shares of teenage customers who go to these platforms often. Absolutely 86% of youth TikTok or Snapchat customers say they’re on that platform every day and 1 / 4 of youth customers for each of those platforms say they’re on the positioning or app nearly always. Considerably smaller shares of youth YouTube customers (20%) and teenage Instagram customers (16%) say they’re on these respective platforms nearly always (about eight-in-ten teen customers are on these platforms every day).
Not solely is there a smaller share of teenage Fb customers than there was in 2014-15, teenagers who do use Fb are additionally comparatively much less frequent customers of the platform in contrast with the opposite platforms coated on this survey. Simply 7% of youth Fb customers say they’re on the positioning or app nearly always (representing 2% of all teenagers). Nonetheless, about six-in-ten teen Fb customers (57%) go to the platform every day.
Throughout these 5 platforms, 35% of all U.S. teenagers say they’re on no less than one among them nearly always. Whereas this isn’t a complete rundown of all teenagers who use any form of on-line platform nearly always, this 35% of teenagers characterize a gaggle of comparatively heavy platform customers and so they clearly have completely different views about their use of social media in contrast with those that say they use no less than one among these platforms, although much less typically than “nearly always.” These findings are coated in a later part.
Bigger shares of Black and Hispanic teenagers say they’re on TikTok, YouTube and Instagram nearly always than White teenagers. For instance, Black and Hispanic teenagers are roughly 5 instances extra doubtless than White teenagers to say they’re on Instagram nearly always.
Hispanic teenagers usually tend to be frequent customers of Snapchat than White or Black teenagers: 23% of Hispanic teenagers say they use this social media platform nearly always, whereas 12% of White teenagers and 11% of Black teenagers say the identical. There are not any racial and ethnic variations in teenagers’ frequency of Fb utilization.
General, Hispanic (47%) and Black teenagers (45%) are extra doubtless than White teenagers (26%) to say they use no less than one among these 5 on-line platforms nearly always.
Slight majorities of teenagers see the period of time they spend on social media as about proper and say it will be laborious to surrender
As social media use has grow to be a standard a part of many teenagers’ every day routine, the Heart requested U.S. teenagers how they really feel in regards to the period of time they’re spending on social media. A slight majority (55%) say the period of time they spend of social media is about proper, and smaller shares say they spend an excessive amount of time or too little time on these platforms.
Whereas a majority of youth boys and half of youth women say they spend about the correct quantity of time on social media, this sentiment is extra frequent amongst boys. Teen women are extra doubtless than their male counterparts to say they spend an excessive amount of time on social media. As well as, White teenagers usually tend to see their time utilizing social media as about proper in contrast with Hispanic teenagers. Black teenagers don’t differ from both group.
This evaluation additionally explored how teenagers who steadily use these platforms might really feel about their time on them and the way these emotions might differ from teenagers who use these websites and apps much less steadily. To do that, two teams have been constructed. The primary group is the 35% of teenagers who say they use no less than one of many 5 platforms this survey coated – YouTube, TikTok, Instagram, Snapchat or Fb – nearly always. The opposite group consists of teenagers who say they use these platforms however not as steadily – that’s, they use no less than one among these 5 platforms however use them much less typically than “nearly always.”
When requested how they really feel in regards to the time they spend on social media, 53% of teenagers who nearly always use no less than one of many platforms say they’re on social media an excessive amount of, whereas about three-in-ten teenagers (28%) who use no less than one among these platforms however much less typically say the identical.
Teenagers who’re nearly always on-line – not simply on social media – additionally stand out for saying they spend an excessive amount of time on social media: 51% say they’re on social media an excessive amount of. By comparability, 26% of teenagers who’re on-line a number of instances a day say they’re on social media an excessive amount of.
When reflecting on what it will be wish to attempt to give up social media, teenagers are considerably divided whether or not this could be simple or troublesome. Some 54% of U.S. teenagers say it will be very (18%) or considerably laborious (35%) for them to surrender social media. Conversely, 46% of teenagers say it will be no less than considerably simple for them to surrender social media, with a fifth saying it will be very simple.
Teenage women are barely extra more likely to say it will be laborious to surrender social media than teen boys (58% vs. 49%). The same hole is seen between older and youthful teenagers, with teenagers 15 to 17 years outdated being extra doubtless than 13- and 14-year-olds to say it will be no less than considerably laborious to surrender social media.
A majority of teenagers who use no less than one of many platforms requested about within the survey “nearly always” say it will be laborious to surrender social media, with 32% saying it will be very laborious. Smaller shares of teenagers who use no less than one among these on-line platforms however use them much less typically say the identical.
The kids who assume they spend an excessive amount of time on social media additionally report they’d battle to step again fully from it. Teenagers who say they spend an excessive amount of time on social media are 36 share factors extra doubtless than teenagers who see their utilization as about proper to say giving up social media could be laborious (78% vs. 42%). In actual fact, about three-in-ten teenagers who say they use social media an excessive amount of (29%) say it will be very laborious for them to surrender social media. Conversely, a majority of teenagers who see their social media utilization as about proper (58%) say that it will be no less than considerably simple for them to present it up.